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Bicycle has a number of consequences for employment as well as health. A high level of bicycle use gives rise to a substantial business sector engaged in the production, sale and repair of bicycles. An increase in economic activity and employment is also generated as a result of the mobility made possible by the bicycle.
The disposal of garbage in Ghana is a major problem that continues to grow with the growth of population and continuous rural-urban resettlement of citizens. These have resulted in the increasing volumes of waste creation without a corresponding increase in logistics for its disposal. All kinds of waste are generated everyday through the activities of human in households, the industries, trading etc.
The Metropolitan Assemblies are facing the challenge of how to dispose wastes generated by human activities. In recent times, private waste disposal collectors are being set up with the hope to help collect these wastes. The waste disposal collectors are doing everything in their capacity to support the Metropolitan Assemblies to reduce this difficulty of waste management in our society.
One of such organizations is the Zoomlion Ghana Limited. This company has come up with an initiative of which they use Tricycle in waste collection.
Information gathered from the company revealed that the Tricycle waste collection concept ensures an effective and efficient collection of waste from our communities, especially in those high densities, but low-income communities. These tricycles come with a container at the back and can be used effectively in collecting refuse from inaccessible residential areas and are discharged into bigger containers. The company has over 5000 tricycles. Out of which 1000 are powered by fossil fuel and over 4000 are powered manually.
According to the officer interviewed, the tricycles powered manually are preferred to the motorised ones because of the following: easy to use, have very low cost operation and maintenance, and are also economical. Some direct benefits generated as a result of the tricycle usage are, the creation of employment opportunities for the youth and therefore reducing poverty, and the reduction of the incidence of fly and mosquito breeding thus reliably resulting in less disease- causing conditions in the low-income communities in particular.
One area which was revealed as challenging to the riders of the tricycle has to do with the way some motorists behave towards them. This makes some of the riders feel insecure on the road. The integration of cycling paths on our road network would help make the most use of the tricycle in the collection of waste due to the highly dense areas we have in our built-up cities.
In conclusion, cycling policy is known to make an important contribution to the accessibility and quality of life in a city and also contributes significantly to the urban economy.